PROM Detail

De Jong Gierveld Loneliness Scale
  • Basic Information
  • Detailed Information
  • Domains
  • Psychometrics

Basic Information

Abbreviated name
Full name
De Jong Gierveld Loneliness Scale
Items ?
The number of questions in the survey
Short description
The De Jong Gierveld Loneliness Scale is considered by many as the gold standard for measuring loneliness, and has been used in international contexts. It was initially developed in the Netherlands for research use in large surveys, this scale has been adapted for evaluating interventions. It is an academically rigorous tool that distinguishes between different causes of loneliness. It is a 6 item scale with 3 statements made about
PCCC or QoL? ?
This compendium contains patient-reported measures that are either designed to specifically measure aspects of Person Centred Co-Ordinated Care (P3C), or alternatively tools that are designed to measure some aspect of Quality of Life (QoL) or Health Related Quality of Life (hrQoL). All the measures in this compendium have been broadly categorised into one of those two concepts.
Person Centred Coordinated Care
Main Domains Measured ?
This is the key domains that the measure is targeting.
Type of measure ?
The measures in this compendium can take a variety of forms. Generally, they will be either Patient Reported Outcome Measure (PROM) or Patient Reported Experience Measure (PREM). However, we have also included a few measures that are completed by proxy-individual (PROXY), which are useful in instances where the respondent cannot answer directly (e.g. dementia or end of life). Sometimes, these measures can even be a composite of these types, and target both experiences and outcomes – we have labelled these measures “PROEMs”.
Respondent ?
The person that fills in the questionnaire - e.g. patient, Health Care Professional, or proxy (normally a carer or family member)

Detailed Information

Year developed ?
The year in which the measure was first published.
Country developed in ?
The main country[s] in which the measure was first developed.
The Netherlands
Website link ?
A link to the developer of the measure, if they have a website.
Target condition ?
The measures can be either generic or disease specific (e.g. Diabetes, Heart Failure)
Older People
Main context tested in ?
The main context in which the measure has been developed and used (E.g. Hopital, General Practice etc).
Large survey research
Main countries used in ?
The main countries in which the measure has been developed and used.
The Netherlands
Target age ?
e.g. Adults, Children, Elderly
Older people
Main uses of measure ?
The context in which the measure is most often used – e.g. clinical trials; national surveys.
For measuring loneliness is older people.
Used in UK? ?
Whether the instrument has been tested and validated within a UK healthcare context.
Impact ?
A crude indication of the impact of the measure on academia. This is the number of times the original publication has been cited on PubMed, divided/normalised to the years since publication.
Official translations
Various translations


Domain description


Brief description ?
A brief description of the initially reported psychometric properties of the measure.
Reliability coefficients support the good psychometric characteristics of the two loneliness scales. For the measurement of emotional loneliness reliability for older adults was 0.81 (in France) or higher, while for social loneliness for older adults the coefficients were 0.85 (in France) or higher. For younger adults, the outcomes of the reliability tests were similar.