PROM Detail

Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-Being Scale
  • Basic Information
  • Detailed Information
  • Domains
  • Psychometrics

Basic Information

Abbreviated name
Full name
Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-Being Scale
Items ?
The number of questions in the survey
Short description
The Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale (WEMWBS) comprises 14 items that relate to an individual
PCCC or QoL? ?
This compendium contains patient-reported measures that are either designed to specifically measure aspects of Person Centred Co-Ordinated Care (P3C), or alternatively tools that are designed to measure some aspect of Quality of Life (QoL) or Health Related Quality of Life (hrQoL). All the measures in this compendium have been broadly categorised into one of those two concepts.
Main Domains Measured ?
This is the key domains that the measure is targeting.
Subjective wellbeing, psychological functioning
Type of measure ?
The measures in this compendium can take a variety of forms. Generally, they will be either Patient Reported Outcome Measure (PROM) or Patient Reported Experience Measure (PREM). However, we have also included a few measures that are completed by proxy-individual (PROXY), which are useful in instances where the respondent cannot answer directly (e.g. dementia or end of life). Sometimes, these measures can even be a composite of these types, and target both experiences and outcomes – we have labelled these measures “PROEMs”.
Respondent ?
The person that fills in the questionnaire - e.g. patient, Health Care Professional, or proxy (normally a carer or family member)

Detailed Information

Year developed ?
The year in which the measure was first published.
Country developed in ?
The main country[s] in which the measure was first developed.
Original publication ?
The publication in which the measure was originally published.
Website link ?
A link to the developer of the measure, if they have a website.
Target condition ?
The measures can be either generic or disease specific (e.g. Diabetes, Heart Failure)
Mental Health
Main context tested in ?
The main context in which the measure has been developed and used (E.g. Hopital, General Practice etc).
Public Health
Main countries used in ?
The main countries in which the measure has been developed and used.
Uk, Europe, Scandinavia, Far East, India, Pakistan, Australia
Target age ?
e.g. Adults, Children, Elderly
Adolescents and adults
Main uses of measure ?
The context in which the measure is most often used – e.g. clinical trials; national surveys.
To measure mental well-being itself and not the determinants of mental well-being,
Used in UK? ?
Whether the instrument has been tested and validated within a UK healthcare context.
Official translations
Dutch, French, German, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Greek, Welsh, Lithuanian, ,Brazilian Portuguese, Japanese, Arabic, Bangla, Urdu, Hindi,
Other versions available
Short Warwick Edinburgh Mental Wellbeing Scale (SWEMWBS)


Domain description
Subjective wellbeing, psychological functioning


Brief description ?
A brief description of the initially reported psychometric properties of the measure.
WEMWBS showed good content validity. Confirmatory factor analysis supported the single factor hypothesis. A Cronbach's alpha score of 0.89 (student sample) and 0.91 (population sample) suggests some item redundancy in the scale. WEMWBS showed high correlations with other mental health and well-being scales and lower correlations with scales measuring overall health.
Co-developed with patients ?
Whether the measure was co-developed with patients, a critical stage in the design and implementation of truly person-centred measures.
CTT or IRT ?
Whether the measure uses Classical Test Theory, or the newer Item Response Theory