PROM Detail

Perceived Involvement in Care Scale
  • Basic Information
  • Detailed Information
  • Domains
  • Psychometrics

Basic Information

Abbreviated name
Full name
Perceived Involvement in Care Scale
Items ?
The number of questions in the survey
Short description
The Perceived Involvement in Care Scale (PICS) is a brief, psychometrically sound, self-administered measure of patients perceptions of doctor-patient communication during the medical encounter. The PICS assesses three domains of activities during the medical encounter: doctor facilitation of patient involvement (five items); patient information provision (PI) (four items); and patient participation in decision making (four items). Items reflect overt behaviours of patients and physicians observed during routine outpatient visits. The PICS has been administered to outpatient samples of breast cancer and other, non-cancer patient populations, although not to patients with persistent pain as a presenting problem.
PCCC or QoL? ?
This compendium contains patient-reported measures that are either designed to specifically measure aspects of Person Centred Co-Ordinated Care (P3C), or alternatively tools that are designed to measure some aspect of Quality of Life (QoL) or Health Related Quality of Life (hrQoL). All the measures in this compendium have been broadly categorised into one of those two concepts.
Person Centred Coordinated Care
Main Domains Measured ?
This is the key domains that the measure is targeting.
Doctor facilitation of patient involvement, patient information provision, and patient participation in decision making
Type of measure ?
The measures in this compendium can take a variety of forms. Generally, they will be either Patient Reported Outcome Measure (PROM) or Patient Reported Experience Measure (PREM). However, we have also included a few measures that are completed by proxy-individual (PROXY), which are useful in instances where the respondent cannot answer directly (e.g. dementia or end of life). Sometimes, these measures can even be a composite of these types, and target both experiences and outcomes – we have labelled these measures “PROEMs”.
Respondent ?
The person that fills in the questionnaire - e.g. patient, Health Care Professional, or proxy (normally a carer or family member)
Copy of questionnaire

Detailed Information

Year developed ?
The year in which the measure was first published.
Country developed in ?
The main country[s] in which the measure was first developed.
Original publication ?
The publication in which the measure was originally published.
Search Citations of Original Reference
Target condition ?
The measures can be either generic or disease specific (e.g. Diabetes, Heart Failure)
Pain, cancer
Main context tested in ?
The main context in which the measure has been developed and used (E.g. Hopital, General Practice etc).
Hospital - outpatient
Main countries used in ?
The main countries in which the measure has been developed and used.
US, Denmark
Target age ?
e.g. Adults, Children, Elderly
Main uses of measure ?
The context in which the measure is most often used – e.g. clinical trials; national surveys.
Designed to assess primary care
Used in UK? ?
Whether the instrument has been tested and validated within a UK healthcare context.
Impact ?
A crude indication of the impact of the measure on academia. This is the number of times the original publication has been cited on PubMed, divided/normalised to the years since publication.


Domain description
Doctor facilitation of patient involvement, patient information provision, and patient participation in decision making


Brief description ?
A brief description of the initially reported psychometric properties of the measure.
Internal consistency: Overall Cronbachs alpha of .73. Predictive validity: Doctor facilitation and patient decision making were related with patient satisfaction with care. Doctor facilitation and information exchange was related with patients levels of understanding, reassurance, perceived control over illness, and expectations for improvement in functioning. Doctor facilitation scale was related with patient participation Factor analysis: 3 relatively independent factors
CTT or IRT ?
Whether the measure uses Classical Test Theory, or the newer Item Response Theory